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Harsco Corporation Reports Second Quarter 2017 Results
  • Q2 GAAP Operating Income of $42 Million, Exceeding Guidance Range
     
  • Q2 Performance Reflects Strong Operational Performance and Favorable Underlying Market Trends Across Business Segments
     
  • Quarterly Revenues Increased 7 Percent Compared with the Prior-Year Quarter, and Diluted Earnings per Share Increased Versus Prior-Year Quarter to $0.22 in Q2 2017
     
  • Full-Year GAAP and Adjusted Operating Income Guidance Increased to Between $125 Million and $140 Million; Compares with Prior Range of $115 Million to $130 Million
     
  • 2017 Free Cash Flow Expected to be Between $80 Million and $95 Million as Compared with Prior Range of $70 Million to $85 Million

CAMP HILL, Pa., Aug. 03, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Harsco Corporation (NYSE:HSC) today reported second quarter 2017 results. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in the second quarter of 2017 were $0.22. This figure compares with a GAAP diluted loss per share from continuing operations of $0.35 and adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.15 in the second quarter of 2016. The prior-year GAAP figure included a forward loss provision related to the Company's railway maintenance equipment contracts with the federal railway system in Switzerland.

Operating income from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2017 was $42 million, which exceeded the guidance range of $32 million to $38 million previously provided by the Company.

“Q2 proved to be another strong quarter for Harsco,” said President and CEO Nick Grasberger. “Each business executed well and underlying market conditions were supportive in the quarter. As a result, our three businesses exceeded expectations in the second quarter. Looking forward, we expect our internal momentum to continue, which along with an improved market outlook within our Metals & Industrial businesses, lead us to raise our outlook for operating income and free cash flow for the year. Beyond achieving these financial targets, we remain focused on developing our product and business capabilities and strengthening our returns. Lastly, we remain confident in the earnings potential of Harsco and our ability to create value for our shareholders in the future.”

Harsco Corporation—Selected Second Quarter Results

($ in millions, except per share amounts)   Q2 2017   Q2 2016
Revenues   $ 395     $ 370  
Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP   $ 42     $ 1  
Operating margin from continuing operations - GAAP   10.8 %   0.4 %
Diluted EPS from continuing operations   $ 0.22     $ (0.35 )
Unusual items per diluted share   $     $ 0.50  
Adjusted operating income - excluding unusual items   $ 42     $ 41  
Adjusted operating margin - excluding unusual items   10.8 %   11.2 %
Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items   $ 0.22     $ 0.15  
Return on invested capital (TTM) - excluding unusual items   9.6 %   6.0 %
             

Consolidated Second Quarter Operating Results

Total revenues were $395 million, an increase of 7 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. This change is attributable to higher revenues in each of the Company’s segments. Foreign currency translation negatively impacted second quarter 2017 revenues by approximately $5 million.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the second quarter of 2017 was $42 million. This figure compares with GAAP operating income of $1 million and adjusted operating income of $41 million in the same quarter last year. Operating income in the Metals & Minerals and Industrial segments improved in comparison with the prior-year quarter, while adjusted operating income was consistent in the Rail segment. The Company's operating margin was 10.8 percent versus an adjusted operating margin of 11.2 percent the in second quarter of 2016.

Second Quarter Business Review

Metals & Minerals

($ in millions)   Q2 2017   Q2 2016   %Change
Revenues   $ 259     $ 254     2 %
Operating income - GAAP   $ 32     $ 31     4 %
Operating margin - GAAP   12.4 %   12.2 %    
Customer liquid steel tons (millions)   37.0     34.8     6 %

Revenues increased 2 percent to $259 million, as higher steel output and service levels as well as increased nickel-related sales offset the impact from foreign exchange translation. Meanwhile, operating income increased 4 percent due to the above positive factors, and the segment's operating margin improved by 20 basis points to 12.4 percent versus last year’s second quarter.

Industrial

($ in millions)   Q2 2017   Q2 2016   %Change
Revenues   $ 74     $ 66     11 %
Operating income - GAAP   $ 9     $ 7     25 %
Operating margin - GAAP   12.4 %   11.0 %    

Revenues increased 11 percent to $74 million, as increased demand for air-cooled heat exchangers from U.S. energy customers fully offset lower sales of industrial grating and fencing. The prior-year quarter benefited from the sale of high-security fencing for the new Mexico City International Airport, as previously announced. The improved demand for heat exchangers led to an increase in operating income, and as a result, the segment’s operating margin increased to 12.4 percent from 11.0 percent in the comparable quarter last year.

Rail

($ in millions)   Q2 2017   Q2 2016   %Change
Revenues   $ 62     $ 50     24 %
Operating income - GAAP   $ 8     $ (32 )   nmf  
Operating margin - GAAP   12.8 %     nmf      
Adjusted operating income - excluding unusual items (1)   $ 8     $ 8      
Adjusted operating margin - excluding unusual items (1)   12.8 %   16.2 %    
(1) no unusual items in Q2 2017; nmf=not meaningful            

Revenues increased 24 percent to $62 million as a result of higher original equipment shipments, mainly to international customers. These sales offset the impact of lower after-market parts sales and contract services compared with the prior-year period. Operating income totaled $8 million in comparison with a GAAP operating loss of $32 million and adjusted operating income of $8 million in the prior-year quarter. Operating income in this year's second quarter was comparable with adjusted operating income in the previous year as a result of the above trends as well as higher administrative expenses, including marketing and severance costs, in this year's second quarter. Given these factors and a less favorable product sales mix, the segment's operating margin decreased to 12.8 percent versus an adjusted operating margin of 16.2 percent in last year's second quarter.

Cash Flow

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $53 million in the second quarter of 2017, compared with $32 million in the prior-year period. Further, free cash flow was $30 million in the second quarter of 2017, compared with $19 million in the prior-year period. This cash flow improvement reflects increased net cash from operating activities, principally as a result of working capital changes and the timing of interest payments, partially offset by an increase in net capital expenditures.

2017 Outlook

The Company's 2017 Outlook is improved to reflect raised forecasts for the Metals & Minerals and Industrial segments as compared with the guidance previously provided as part of the Company's first quarter 2017 results. For Metals & Minerals, the updated outlook reflects higher service levels in certain geographies and expectations for Applied Products performance, as well as new contract additions and recent foreign exchange rates. As a result, it is anticipated that operational savings, new sites and services, higher customer steel output, and increased commodities prices will support an increase in adjusted operating income in this segment for the year compared with 2016. Meanwhile, the Industrial outlook is again improved to reflect increased capital spending for heat exchangers from U.S. energy customers. This trend, along with improved demand for commercial boilers and water heaters, is expected to lead to an increase in Industrial operating income for the year.

These positives offset a more cautious outlook for the Rail segment. Second-quarter timing benefits are to reverse through the balance of the year, and the Company's guidance now reflects lower anticipated or delayed spending for equipment and after-market parts in North America compared with the prior 2017 forecast. As a result, adjusted operating income in Rail is expected to modestly decline from 2016 as higher international demand for equipment and parts as well as Intelligent Solutions is likely to be offset by persistent weakness in the North American market. Lastly, Corporate spending is still projected to increase compared with 2016 largely as a result of higher pension and other benefit program costs as well as professional fees.

Key highlights in the Outlook are included below.

Full Year 2017

  • Operating income for the full year is expected to range from $125 million to $140 million; this compares with guidance of $115 million to $130 million previously and GAAP operating income of $63 million and adjusted operating income of $116 million in 2016.
  • Free cash flow is expected in the range of $80 million to $95 million, including net capital expenditures of between $85 million and $95 million; compared with free cash flow guidance of $70 million to $85 million previously and $100 million in 2016.
  • Net interest expense is forecasted to range from $45 million to $47 million.
  • The effective tax rate is expected to range from 36 percent to 38 percent.
  • GAAP and adjusted earnings per share for the full year are currently expected in the range of $0.55 to $0.69; this compares with guidance of $0.47 to $0.61 previously and a GAAP loss per share of $1.07 and adjusted earnings per share of $0.48 per share in 2016.
  • Adjusted return on invested capital is expected to range from 9.0 percent to 10.0 percent; compared with 6.9 percent in 2016.

Q3 2017

  • Adjusted operating income of $30 million to $37 million; compared with GAAP operating income of $29 million in the prior-year quarter.
  • Adjusted earnings per share of $0.13 to $0.18; compared with a GAAP loss per share of $0.41 and adjusted earnings per share of $0.14 in the prior-year quarter.

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call today at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its results and respond to questions from the investment community. The conference call will be broadcast live through the Harsco Corporation website at www.harsco.com. The Company will refer to a slide presentation that accompanies its formal remarks. The slide presentation will be available on the Company’s website.

The call can also be accessed by telephone by dialing (800) 611-4920, or (973) 200-3957 for international callers. Enter Conference ID number 53065331.  Listeners are advised to dial in at least five minutes prior to the call.

Replays will be available via the Harsco website and also by telephone through August 17, 2017 by dialing (800) 585-8367, (855) 859-2056 or (404) 537-3406.

Forward-Looking Statements

The nature of the Company's business and the many countries in which it operates subject it to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. In accordance with the "safe harbor" provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company provides the following cautionary remarks regarding important factors that, among others, could cause future results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements, including the expectations and assumptions expressed or implied herein. Forward-looking statements contained herein could include, among other things, statements about management's confidence in and strategies for performance; expectations for new and existing products, technologies and opportunities; and expectations regarding growth, sales, cash flows, and earnings. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of such terms as "may," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "likely," "estimate," "plan" or other comparable terms.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from those implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in the worldwide business environment in which the Company operates, including general economic conditions; (2) changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity and fuel costs and capital costs; (3) changes in the performance of equity and bond markets that could affect, among other things, the valuation of the assets in the Company's pension plans and the accounting for pension assets, liabilities and expenses; (4) changes in governmental laws and regulations, including environmental, occupational health and safety, tax and import tariff standards; (5) market and competitive changes, including pricing pressures, market demand and acceptance for new products, services and technologies; (6) the Company's inability or failure to protect its intellectual property rights from infringement in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates; (7) failure to effectively prevent, detect or recover from breaches in the Company's cybersecurity infrastructure; (8) unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, public health issues or other calamities; (9) disruptions associated with labor disputes and increased operating costs associated with union organization; (10) the seasonal nature of the Company's business; (11) the Company's ability to successfully enter into new contracts and complete new acquisitions or strategic ventures in the time-frame contemplated, or at all; (12) the integration of the Company's strategic acquisitions; (13) the amount and timing of repurchases of the Company's common stock, if any; (14) the prolonged recovery in global financial and credit markets and economic conditions generally, which could result in the Company's customers curtailing development projects, construction, production and capital expenditures, which, in turn, could reduce the demand for the Company's products and services and, accordingly, the Company's revenues, margins and profitability; (15) the outcome of any disputes with customers, contractors and subcontractors; (16) the financial condition of the Company's customers, including the ability of customers (especially those that may be highly leveraged and those with inadequate liquidity) to maintain their credit availability; (17) implementation of environmental remediation matters; (18) risk and uncertainty associated with intangible assets; and (19) other risk factors listed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports. A further discussion of these, along with other potential risk factors, can be found in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended  December 31, 2016. The Company cautions that these factors may not be exhaustive and that many of these factors are beyond the Company's ability to control or predict.  Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. The Company undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.

About Harsco

Harsco Corporation serves key industries that are fundamental to worldwide economic development, including steel and metals production, railways and energy. Harsco’s common stock is a component of the S&P SmallCap 600 Index and the Russell 2000 Index. Additional information can be found at www.harsco.com.

HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
(In thousands, except per share amounts)   2017   2016   2017   2016
Revenues from continuing operations:                
Service revenues   $ 251,306     $ 249,626     $ 491,915     $ 475,120  
Product revenues   143,592     120,307     275,524     248,094  
Total revenues   394,898     369,933     767,439     723,214  
Costs and expenses from continuing operations:                
Cost of services sold   192,690     191,508     381,591     381,325  
Cost of products sold   100,727     125,388     199,593     218,632  
Selling, general and administrative expenses   55,606     49,520     110,747     100,304  
Research and development expenses   1,329     956     2,160     1,838  
Other expenses   2,072     1,247     2,966     10,370  
Total costs and expenses   352,424     368,619     697,057     712,469  
Operating income from continuing operations   42,474     1,314     70,382     10,745  
Interest income   493     552     1,005     1,087  
Interest expense   (12,405 )   (13,805 )   (24,058 )   (26,168 )
Change in fair value to the unit adjustment liability and loss on dilution of equity method investment       (1,489 )       (13,706 )
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity income (loss)   30,562     (13,428 )   47,329     (28,042 )
Income tax expense   (11,234 )   (12,000 )   (17,487 )   (9,834 )
Equity income (loss) of unconsolidated entities, net       (694 )       2,481  
Income (loss) from continuing operations   19,328     (26,122 )   29,842     (35,395 )
Discontinued operations:                
Income on disposal of discontinued business   628     2,886     40     2,380  
Income tax expense related to discontinued business   (225 )   (1,065 )   (14 )   (878 )
Income from discontinued operations   403     1,821     26     1,502  
Net income (loss)   19,731     (24,301 )   29,868     (33,893 )
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests   (693 )   (1,872 )   (1,940 )   (3,149 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation   $ 19,038     $ (26,173 )   $ 27,928     $ (37,042 )
Amounts attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax   $ 18,635     $ (27,994 )   $ 27,902     $ (38,544 )
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax   403     1,821     26     1,502  
Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders   $ 19,038     $ (26,173 )   $ 27,928     $ (37,042 )
                 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding   80,535     80,337     80,460     80,288  
Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations   $ 0.23     $ (0.35 )   $ 0.35     $ (0.48 )
Discontinued operations   0.01     0.02         0.02  
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders   $ 0.24     $ (0.33 )   $ 0.35     $ (0.46 )
                 
Diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding   82,850     80,337     82,558     80,288  
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations   $ 0.22     $ (0.35 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.48 )
Discontinued operations       0.02         0.02  
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders   $ 0.23   (a) $ (0.33 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.46 )

(a) Does not total due to rounding.


HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited) 
(In thousands)   June 30
 2017
  December 31
 2016
ASSETS        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 58,105     $ 69,831  
Restricted cash   4,671     2,048  
Trade accounts receivable, net   289,280     236,554  
Other receivables   22,340     21,053  
Inventories   201,851     187,681  
Other current assets   32,840     33,108  
Total current assets   609,087     550,275  
Property, plant and equipment, net   484,100     490,255  
Goodwill   393,804     382,251  
Intangible assets, net   39,972     41,567  
Deferred income tax assets   106,044     106,311  
Other assets   13,277     10,679  
Total assets   $ 1,646,284     $ 1,581,338  
LIABILITIES        
Current liabilities:        
Short-term borrowings   $ 5,985     $ 4,259  
Current maturities of long-term debt   16,248     25,574  
Accounts payable   118,633     107,954  
Accrued compensation   44,210     46,658  
Income taxes payable   7,742     4,301  
Insurance liabilities   11,949     11,850  
Advances on contracts and other customer advances   124,902     117,329  
Other current liabilities   135,191     109,748  
Total current liabilities   464,860     427,673  
Long-term debt   617,674     629,239  
Insurance liabilities   23,344     25,265  
Retirement plan liabilities   310,278     319,597  
Other liabilities   43,232     42,001  
Total liabilities   1,459,388     1,443,775  
HARSCO CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Common stock   141,039     140,625  
Additional paid-in capital   178,435     172,101  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (591,735 )   (606,722 )
Retained earnings   1,177,907     1,150,688  
Treasury stock   (761,717 )   (760,391 )
Total Harsco Corporation stockholders’ equity   143,929     96,301  
Noncontrolling interests   42,967     41,262  
Total equity   186,896     137,563  
Total liabilities and equity   $ 1,646,284     $ 1,581,338  


HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
(In thousands)   2017   2016   2017   2016
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net income (loss)   $ 19,731     $ (24,301 )   $ 29,868     $ (33,893 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation   30,288     32,655     60,495     65,736  
Amortization   1,987     2,962     4,008     5,926  
Change in fair value to the unit adjustment liability and loss on dilution of equity method investment       1,489         13,706  
Contract estimated forward loss provision for Harsco Rail Segment       40,050         40,050  
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)   3,654     (2,290 )   3,433     (2,857 )
Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated entities, net       694         (2,481 )
Dividends from unconsolidated entities           19     16  
Other, net   2,803     811     5,708     1,871  
Changes in assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable   (14,924 )   (12,941 )   (42,806 )   3,011  
Inventories   (5,541 )   (11,383 )   (6,296 )   (23,791 )
Accounts payable   4,800     (457 )   4,259     (16,308 )
Accrued interest payable   (120 )   (6,704 )   166     (36 )
Accrued compensation   7,987     5,014     (4,365 )   1,237  
Advances on contracts and other customer advances   3,519     7,886     (1,479 )   (1,109 )
Retirement plan liabilities, net   (2,840 )   (3,633 )   (11,221 )   (13,871 )
Other assets and liabilities   1,559     1,796     4,990     (8,534 )
Net cash provided by operating activities   52,903     31,648     46,779     28,673  
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchases of property, plant and equipment   (23,711 )   (15,225 )   (40,700 )   (32,176 )
Proceeds from sales of assets   528     2,296     1,534     5,115  
Purchases of businesses, net of cash acquired               (26 )
Other investing activities, net   4,137     (6,043 )   4,170     (616 )
Net cash used by investing activities   (19,046 )   (18,972 )   (34,996 )   (27,703 )
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Short-term borrowings, net   (1,353 )   2,315     2,302     1,949  
Current maturities and long-term debt:                
Additions       21,009     24,000     50,019  
Reductions   (32,367 )   (32,687 )   (46,712 )   (75,608 )
Cash dividends paid on common stock               (4,105 )
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests   (1,769 )   (1,702 )   (1,769 )   (1,702 )
Purchase of noncontrolling interests       (4,731 )       (4,731 )
Stock-based compensation - Employee taxes paid   (1,273 )   (91 )   (1,326 )   (91 )
Proceeds from cross-currency interest rate swap termination               16,625  
Deferred financing costs   (6 )   (1 )   (42 )   (895 )
Other financing activities, net   (368 )       (368 )    
Net cash used by financing activities   (37,136 )   (15,888 )   (23,915 )   (18,539 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash   1,626     2,045     3,029     7,051  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash   (1,653 )   (1,167 )   (9,103 )   (10,518 )
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at beginning of period   64,429     70,405     71,879     79,756  
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at end of period   $ 62,776     $ 69,238     $ 62,776     $ 69,238  
                                 


HARSCO CORPORATION
REVIEW OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended
    June 30, 2017   June 30, 2016
(In thousands)   Revenues   Operating
Income (Loss)
  Revenues   Operating Income (Loss)
Harsco Metals & Minerals   $ 259,306     $ 32,177     $ 253,560     $ 30,927  
Harsco Industrial   73,563     9,151     66,270     7,300  
Harsco Rail   61,994     7,961     50,103     (31,948 )
Corporate   35     (6,815 )       (4,965 )
Consolidated Totals   $ 394,898     $ 42,474     $ 369,933     $ 1,314  
                 
    Six Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30, 2017   June 30, 2016
(In thousands)   Revenues   Operating
Income (Loss)
  Revenues   Operating Income (Loss)
Harsco Metals & Minerals   $ 506,340     $ 58,606     $ 483,232     $ 37,868  
Harsco Industrial   139,448     11,955     128,139     13,771  
Harsco Rail   121,582     13,947     111,843     (27,042 )
General Corporate   69     (14,126 )       (13,852 )
Consolidated Totals   $ 767,439     $ 70,382     $ 723,214     $ 10,745  
                                 



HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS TO DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
    2017   2016   2017   2016
Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations as reported (a)   $ 0.22     $ (0.35 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.48 )
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision (b)       0.50         0.50  
Net loss on dilution of equity method investment (c)               0.13  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit charges (d)               0.06  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs (e)               0.04  
Taxes on above unusual items (f)               (0.07 )
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items   $ 0.22     $ 0.15     $ 0.34     $ 0.18  

(a) No unusual items were excluded in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.

(b) Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision related to the Company's contracts with the federal railway system of Switzerland (Q2 and six months 2016 $40.1 million pre-tax)

(c) Loss on the dilution of the Company's investment in Brand Energy & Infrastructure Services recorded at Corporate (six months 2016 $10.3 million pre-tax). 

(d) Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment charges primarily attributable to site exit costs (six months 2016 $5.1 million pre-tax). 

(e) Costs associated with Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation recorded at Corporate (six months 2016 $3.3 million pre-tax). 

(f) Unusual items are tax effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used. 

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP. 

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS TO DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited) 
    Three Months Ended
    September 30
    2016
Diluted loss per share from continuing operations as reported   $ (0.41 )
Net loss on dilution and sale of equity investment (a)   0.54  
Expense of deferred financing costs (b)   0.01  
Taxes on above unusual items (c)    
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items   $ 0.14  

(a) Loss on the dilution and sale of the Company's investment in Brand Energy & Infrastructure Services recorded at Corporate ($43.5 million pre-tax).

(b) Expense of deferred financing costs associated with the Company's repayment of approximately $85 million on its Term Loan Facility recorded at Corporate ($1.1 million pre-tax)

(c) Unusual items are tax effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS TO DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited) 
    Twelve Months Ended
    December 31
    2016
Diluted loss per share from continuing operations as reported   $ (1.07 )
Net loss on dilution and sale of equity investment (a)   0.66  
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision (b)   0.56  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt (c)   0.44  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit and underperforming contract charges, net (d)   0.06  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs (e)   0.04  
Expense of deferred financing costs (f)   0.01  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment cumulative translation adjustment liquidation (g)   (0.01 )
Taxes on above unusual items (h)   (0.21 )
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items   $ 0.48  

(a) Loss on the dilution and sale of the Company's investment in Brand Energy & Infrastructure Services recorded at Corporate ($53.8 million pre-tax).  

(b) Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision related to the Company's contracts with the federal railway system of Switzerland ($45.1 million pre-tax).  

(c) Loss on early extinguishment of debt recorded at Corporate ($35.3 million pre-tax).  

(d) Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment charges primarily attributable to site exit and underperforming contract costs ($5.1 million pre-tax).  

(e) Costs associated with Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation recorded at Corporate ($3.3 million pre-tax).  

(f) Expense of deferred financing costs associated with the Company's repayment of approximately $85 million on its Term Loan Facility recorded at Corporate ($1.1 million pre-tax).  

(g) Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment gain related to the liquidation of cumulated translation adjustment related to an exited country ($1.2 million pre-tax).  

(h) Unusual items are tax effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.  

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
REVIEW OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS (Unaudited)

(In thousands)
  Harsco
Metals & Minerals
  Harsco
Industrial
  Harsco 
Rail
  Corporate   Consolidated Totals
                     
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017:                    
Operating income (loss) as reported (a)   $ 32,177     $ 9,151     $ 7,961     $ (6,815 )   $ 42,474  
Revenues as reported   $ 259,306     $ 73,563     $ 61,994     $ 35     $ 394,898  
Operating margin (%)   12.4 %   12.4 %   12.8 %       10.8 %
                     
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016:                    
Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items   $ 30,927     $ 7,300     $ 8,102     $ (4,965 )   $ 41,364  
Revenues as reported   $ 253,560     $ 66,270     $ 50,103     $     $ 369,933  
Adjusted operating margin (%) excluding unusual items   12.2 %   11.0 %   16.2 %       11.2 %
                     
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017:                
Operating income (loss) as reported (a)   $ 58,606     $ 11,955     $ 13,947     $ (14,126 )   $ 70,382  
Revenues as reported   $ 506,340     $ 139,448     $ 121,582     $ 69     $ 767,439  
Operating margin (%)   11.6 %   8.6 %   11.5 %       9.2 %
                     
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016:                
Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items   $ 42,968     $ 13,771     $ 13,008     $ (10,565 )   $ 59,182  
Revenues as reported   $ 483,232     $ 128,139     $ 111,843     $     $ 723,214  
Adjusted operating margin (%) excluding unusual items   8.9 %   10.7 %   11.6 %       8.2 %

(a) No unusual items were excluded in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted operating margin (%) excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance.  This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)
(In thousands)   Harsco
Metals & Minerals
  Harsco
Industrial
  Harsco 
Rail
  Corporate   Consolidated Totals
                     
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017:                
Operating income (loss) as reported (a)   $ 32,177     $ 9,151     $ 7,961     $ (6,815 )   $ 42,474  
Revenues as reported   $ 259,306     $ 73,563     $ 61,994     $ 35     $ 394,898  
                     
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016:                
Operating income (loss) as reported   $ 30,927     $ 7,300     $ (31,948 )   $ (4,965 )   $ 1,314  
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision           40,050         40,050  
Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items   $ 30,927     $ 7,300     $ 8,102     $ (4,965 )   $ 41,364  
Revenues as reported   $ 253,560     $ 66,270     $ 50,103     $     $ 369,933  

(a) No unusual items were excluded in the three months ended June 30, 2017.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance.  This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)
(In thousands)   Harsco
Metals & Minerals
  Harsco
Industrial
  Harsco 
Rail
  Corporate   Consolidated Totals  
                       
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017:                  
Operating income (loss) as reported (a)   $ 58,606     $ 11,955     $ 13,947     $ (14,126 )   $ 70,382    
Revenues as reported   $ 506,340     $ 139,448     $ 121,582     $ 69     $ 767,439    
                       
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016:                  
Operating income (loss) as reported   $ 37,868     $ 13,771     $ (27,042 )   $ (13,852 )   $ 10,745    
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision           40,050         40,050    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit charges   5,100                 5,100    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs               3,287     3,287    
Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items   $ 42,968     $ 13,771     $ 13,008     $ (10,565 )   $ 59,182    
Revenues as reported   $ 483,232     $ 128,139     $ 111,843     $     $ 723,214    

(a) No unusual items were excluded in the six months ended June 30, 2017.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)
(In thousands)   Harsco
Metals & Minerals
  Harsco
Industrial
  Harsco 
Rail
  Corporate   Consolidated Totals  
                       
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016:                  
Operating income (loss) as reported   $ 81,634     $ 23,182     $ (17,527 )   $ (23,820 )   $ 63,469    
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision           45,050         45,050    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit   5,100                 5,100    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs               3,287     3,287    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment cumulative translation adjustment liquidation   (1,157 )               (1,157 )  
Adjusted operating income (loss), excluding unusual items   $ 85,577     $ 23,182     $ 27,523     $ (20,533 )   $ 115,749    
Revenues as reported   $ 965,540     $ 247,542     $ 238,107     $ 34     $ 1,451,223    

The Company’s management believes Adjusted operating income (loss) excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF FREE CASH FLOW TO NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES (Unaudited)
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
(In thousands)   2017   2016   2017   2016
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 52,903     $ 31,648     $ 46,779     $ 28,673  
Less capital expenditures   (23,711 )   (15,225 )   (40,700 )   (32,176 )
Plus capital expenditures for strategic ventures (a)   337     79     396     95  
Plus total proceeds from sales of assets (b)   528     2,296     1,534     5,115  
Free cash flow   $ 30,057     $ 18,798     $ 8,009     $ 1,707  

(a) Capital expenditures for strategic ventures represent the partner’s share of capital expenditures in certain ventures consolidated in the Company’s financial statements.

(b) Asset sales are a normal part of the business model, primarily for the Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment.

The Company's management believes that Free cash flow, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from (used in) operations less capital expenditures net of asset sales proceeds. It is important to note that free cash flow does not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements, are not deducted from the measure. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF FREE CASH FLOW TO NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES (Unaudited)
    Twelve Months Ended
    December 31
(In thousands)   2016
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 159,785  
Less capital expenditures   (69,340 )
Plus capital expenditures for strategic ventures (a)   170  
Plus total proceeds from sales of assets (b)   9,305  
Free cash flow   $ 99,920  

(a) Capital expenditures for strategic ventures represent the partner’s share of capital expenditures in certain ventures consolidated in the Company’s financial statements.

(b) Asset sales are a normal part of the business model, primarily for the Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment. 

The Company's management believes that Free cash flow, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from (used in) operations less capital expenditures net of asset sales proceeds. It is important to note that free cash flow does not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements, are not deducted from the measure. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF FREE CASH FLOW TO NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES (Unaudited)
    Projected
Twelve Months Ending 
December 31
    2017
(In millions)   Low   High
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 175     $ 180  
Less capital expenditures   (101 )   (92 )
Plus total proceeds from asset sales and capital expenditures for strategic ventures   6     7  
Free Cash Flow   $ 80     $ 95  

The Company's management believes that free cash flow, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from operations less capital expenditures net of asset sales proceeds. It is important to note that free cash flow does not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements, are not deducted from the measure. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS TO NET LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (a) (Unaudited)
    Trailing Twelve Months for Period Ended June 30
(In thousands)   2017   2016
Loss from continuing operations   $ (15,185 )   $ (51,808 )
Unusual items:        
Net loss on dilution and sale of equity investment   43,518     10,304  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt   35,337      
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision   5,000     40,050  
Expense of deferred financing costs   1,125      
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment cumulative translation adjustment liquidation   (1,157 )    
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment contract termination charges       13,484  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs       13,209  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit and underperforming contract charges, net       10,077  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment salt cake processing and disposal charges       7,000  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment Project Orion charges       5,070  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment subcontractor settlement charge       4,220  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment multi-employer pension plan charge       1,122  
Harsco Infrastructure Segment loss on disposal       1,000  
Taxes on above unusual items (b)   (11,512 )   (12,021 )
Net income from continuing operations, as adjusted   57,126     41,707  
After-tax interest expense (c)   30,461     31,039  
         
Net operating profit after tax as adjusted   $ 87,587     $ 72,746  
         
Average equity   $ 216,509     $ 300,556  
Plus average debt   700,588     904,177  
Average capital   $ 917,097     $ 1,204,733  
         
Return on invested capital excluding unusual items   9.6 %   6.0 %

(a) Return on invested capital excluding unusual items is net income (loss) from continuing operations excluding unusual items, and after-tax interest expense, divided by average capital for the year. The Company uses a trailing twelve month average for computing average capital.

(b) Unusual items are tax effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.

(c) The Company’s effective tax rate approximated 37% on an adjusted basis for both periods for interest expense.

The Company’s management believes Return on invested capital excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is meaningful in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of the capital invested in the Company’s business. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income or other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP. 

HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL EXCLUDING UNUSUAL ITEMS TO NET LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (a) (Unaudited)
    Year Ended December 31
(In thousands)   2016
Loss from continuing operations   $ (80,422 )
Unusual items:    
Net loss on dilution and sale of equity investment   53,822  
Harsco Rail Segment forward contract loss provision   45,050  
Loss on early extinguishment of debt   35,337  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment site exit and underperforming contract charges, net   5,100  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment separation costs   3,287  
Expense of deferred financing costs   1,125  
Harsco Metals & Minerals Segment cumulative translation adjustment liquidation   (1,157 )
Taxes on above unusual items (b)   (17,335 )
Net income from continuing operations, as adjusted   44,807  
After-tax interest expense (c)   31,790  
     
Net operating profit after tax as adjusted   $ 76,597  
     
Average equity   $ 290,995  
Plus average debt   821,559  
Average capital   $ 1,112,554  
     
Return on invested capital excluding unusual items   6.9 %
       

(a) Return on invested capital excluding unusual items is net income (loss) from continuing operations excluding unusual items, and after-tax interest expense, divided by average capital for the year. The Company uses a trailing twelve month average for computing average capital.

(b) Unusual items are tax effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.

(c) The Company’s effective tax rate approximated 37% on an adjusted basis for both periods for interest expense. 

The Company’s management believes Return on invested capital excluding unusual items, which is a non-U.S. GAAP financial measure, is meaningful in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of the capital invested in the Company’s business. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income or other information provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP.  

Investor Contact 
David Martin
717.612.5628
damartin@harsco.com

Media Contact
Kenneth Julian
717.730.3683
kjulian@harsco.com

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Harsco Corporation



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